This knol is part of the collection- Elkhorn River drainage basin landform origins.
The following interpretation of detailed topographic map evidence is one of a series of knols describing related evidence for all key drainage divides contained inside the Missouri River drainage basin and for all significant drainage divides with adjacent drainage basins. The investigation project is interpreting proof inside the context of a previously unexplored deep glacial erosion paradigm that is fundamentally diverse from most normally accepted North American glacial background interpretations. A master list giving links to similar interpretations of detailed topographic map evidence of drainage divides investigated to date is found in the above link. The master list is updated as more interpretations are completed and published. Plaža omaha
IntroductionThe purpose of this essay should be to use topographic map interpretation procedures to take a look at Elkhorn River-Platte River drainage divide region landform origins in Stanton Cuming Colfax and Dodge Counties Nebraska USA. Map interpretation techniques could be utilised to unravel numerous geomorphic occasions top as much as formation of present-day drainage routes and development of other landform options. While every single in depth topographic map feature gives detailed proof to become explained the solution must be steady with explanations for adjacent area map evidence as well as options to huge picture map proof puzzles. I invite readers to improve upon my remedies andor to propose alternate remedies that superior clarify evidence and are also consistent with adjacent map area and major image proof. Readers may well do so either by creating comments here or by writing and publishing their very own knols on the Google Knol Site.
This essay is also exploring a brand new geomorphology paradigm in which erosional landforms are interpreted as proof left by immense glacial melt water floods. Implied in that interpretation is the immense floods have been derived from a thick North American ice sheet that created a deep -hole- inside the North American continent and also melted swiftly. The previously unexplored paradigm getting tested in this and other knols within the Missouri River drainage basin landform origins investigation project is really a thick North American ice sheet comparable in thickness to the Antarctic ice sheet occupied the North American region usually recognized to are glaciated and by its weight and erosive actions created a deep North American hole. The southwestern rim of that deep hole is these days preserved inside the large Rocky Mountains. The ice sheet through its excess weight and deep erosion and maybe deposition along major south-oriented melt water flow routes brought on substantial crustal warping and tectonic alter by means of its action of melting fast produced immense floods that flowed across the continent and by means of its action of melting rapid systematically opened up space within the ice sheet designed hole so headward erosion of newly created north-oriented drainage systems captured immense south-oriented melt water floods and diverted immense melt water floods north into area the ice sheet had once occupied.
If this previously unexplored paradigm is appropriate the geographic area explored by this knol really should include proof of immense floods that had been captured by headward erosion of new valley systems so as to bring about the floods to flow inside a diverse course. Potential of this previously unexplored paradigm to explain Elkhorn River-Platte River drainage divide location landform origins proof in Stanton Cuming Colfax and Dodge Counties Nebraska will be regarded as proof supporting the -thick ice sheet that melted fast- paradigm. This knol is included within the Missouri River drainage basin landform origins analysis project knol collection.
Elkhorn River-Platte River drainage divide region place map
Figure 1- Elkhorn River-Platte River drainage divide region location map select and click on maps to enlarge.
Figure one delivers a place map for the Elkhorn River-Platte River drainage divide region in Stanton Cuming Colfax and Dodge Counties Nebraska. The majority of the figure 1 map area is located in eastern Nebraska The northeast corner region is in the state of Iowa plus the southeast tip of South Dakota is positioned northwest of Sioux City Iowa. The south-southeast oriented Missouri River types the Nebraska-Iowa border. The Elkhorn River originates close to Bassett situated close to the figure one north edge west of center and flows by Stuart Atkinson ONeill Ewing Neligh Oakdale Tilden Norfolk Stanton Pilger Wisner West Point Scribner Hooper and Arlington just before joining the Platte River west of Omaha Nebraska. The Platte River flows from North Platte close to the figure one west edge to Lexington Kearney Grand Island Columbus and Fremont just before turning to flow south and east to join the south-southeast oriented Missouri River south of Omaha. The Elkhorn River-Platte River drainage divide illustrated and discussed right here is located east of or downstream from Norfolk and Columbus and northwest and west of or upstream from the Elkhorn River-Platte River confluence area. Figure one does not supply enough detail to show most drainage routes inside the drainage divide area of concern even though two south-southeast branches of an east-oriented Elkhorn River tributary location are shown. That Elkhorn River tributary is Maple Creek as well as the two south-southeast oriented branches are the East Fork and West Fork of Maple Creek. Maple Creek is one particular of many streams west of your Elkhorn River and north of your Platte River to have prolonged southeast or south-southeast oriented headwaters and which close to the Platte River valley turn to flow parallel towards the Platte River valley in lieu of flow immediately to the Platte River valley. These east-oriented streams flowing parallel to the Platte River present proof of an east-riented flood. These multiple southeast and south-southeast oriented streams provide evidence of an immense southeast-oriented flood formed anastomosing channel complicated which the moment flowed across the figure one map area. Headward erosion of your Elkhorn River beheaded south-southeast oriented flood flow to what have been then the actively eroding south-southeast oriented East Fork and West Fork Maple Creek and also to other south-southeast valleys west with the drainage divide area illustrated and discussed in this knol. In other words drainage divide evidence is interpreted to propose a sizable south-southeast oriented flowed across the region to join a significant east-oriented flood. Evidence to help this interpretation is illustrated and discussed in thefigures beneath. This knol begins by looking at evidence in Platte River valley area.
Elkhorn River-Platte River drainage divide area in depth place map
Figure two- Elkhorn River-Platte River drainage divide place in depth place map.
Figure two presents a slightly far more detailed place map for the Elkhorn River-Platte River drainage divide region in Stanton Cuming Colfax and Dodge Counties. Madison Stanton Cuming Platte Colfax Dodge Washington Polk Butler Saunders and Douglas are Nebraska county names plus the county boundaries are shown. The Missouri River flows in a south-southeast direction close to the figure 2 east edge. East with the Missouri River would be the state of Iowa. Nebraska is west of Missouri River. Omaha Nebraska is the city located in the figure 2 southeast corner. The Platte River flows inside a northeast course from the figure two southwest corner to close to Columbus after which flows in an east and east-northeast course to close to Fremont in southeast Dodge County. At Fremont the Platte River turns to flow inside a south-southeast path towards the figure two south edge. South of figure two the Platte River flows south after which east and joins the Missouri River south of Omaha. The Elkhorn River flows in an east direction in northern Madison County to Norfolk after which southeast to Stanton in Stanton County. From Stanton the Elkhorn River flows in a northeast course to Pilger and in Cuming County the Elkhorn River turns to flow in a southeast and south path into northeast Dodge County. From northeast Dodge County the Elkhorn River flows in a southeast and south-southeast path to join the Platte River near the figure 2 south edge. Few Platte River tributaries from the north are shown inside the Stanton Cuming Colfax and Dodge County region although quite a few south-southeast streams seem to be flowing toward the Platte River. Most of these streams when they get near the Platte River turn to flow east parallel for the Platte River and eventually join the south-southeast oriented Elkhorn River. Of specific interest in this knol are the south-southeast oriented Dry Creek and East Fork and West Fork of Maple Creek which join in southeast Colfax County then flow as Maple Creek inside a northeast and east course across Dodge County to join the Elkhorn River. Also of interest is Pebble Creek which flows parallel to the Elkhorn River in Cuming County after which joins the Elkhorn River in northern Dodge County. Rawhide Creek originates in southern Colfax County and flows south of Maple Creek and parallel towards the Platte River across southern Dodge to join the Elkhorn River in southeast Dodge County. The transform in drainage orientation from south-southeast oriented streams to east-oriented streams in southern Colfax and Dodge Counties is interpreted to become evidence of a massive south-southeast oriented flood coming from north and northwest with the figure 2 map location which flowed to a greater or at least extra concentrated east-oriented flood moving across southern Colfax and Dodge Counties.
Platte River-Elkhorn River drainage divide area southeast of Fremont
Figure 3- Platte River-Elkhorn River drainage divide place southeast of Fremont
Figure 3 illustrates the Platte River-Elkhorn River drainage divide location southeast of Fremont. Fremont is the city located within the figure 3 northwest corner. The Platte River flows in a southeast course from just south of Fremont in the figure three northwest corner for the figure three south center edge region. Arlington could be the smaller city situated along the figure three north center edge. The Elkhorn River flows inside a south-southeast course from the figure 3 north center edge close to Arlington to the figure 3 south edge. The south-southeast oriented Platte River and Elkhorn River eventually join south in the figure three map place. The city situated east of your Elkhorn River close to the figure three south edge is Elkhorn though Waterloo is located just west of Elkhorn River. Kings Lake may be the neighborhood north of Waterloo and Valley is the town northwest of Waterloo. Note Rawhide Creek which flows across Fremont and after that flows inside a southeast direction to join the Elkhorn River north of Kings Lake. The present day Rawhide Creek channel is just not the original channel and sections of the old channel are shown. Figures four and 7 under illustrate how west of Fremont Rawhide Creek flows parallel towards the Platte River along the north edge with the big east-oriented Platte River valley. Note how the complete Platte River-Elkhorn River drainage divide has been eroded to what appears to be exactly the same degree as the Platte River and Elkhorn River valley floors. Also note south of your old Rawhide Creek channel the presence of an unnamed southeast-oriented Elkhorn River tributary named Big Slough on extra in depth maps which originates inside the figure 3 map region. The figure three evidence is interpreted to suggest the Platte River-Elkhorn River drainage divide place was eroded by southeast-oriented flood water moving for the south-southeast oriented Elkhorn River valley or channel when a slightly deeper southeast-oriented Platte River channel erode headward more for the southwest. This proof suggests the Elkhorn River valley was probably eroded very first while shortly thereafter and whilst large volumes of south-southeast oriented flood water was nevertheless moving inside the Elkhorn River valley big volumes of flood water moved east and southeast in the Platte River valley and flood waters from the two unique valley systems came collectively and flowed roughly parallel to each other while eroding separate but adjacent channels. Evidence supporting this interpretation is observed in figures under.
Maple Creek-Platte River drainage divide region northwest of Fremont
Figure four- Maple Creek-Platte River drainage divide region northwest of Fremont.
Figure 4 illustrates the Maple Creek-Platte River drainage divide area northwest of Fremont and on the figure three map region. Fremont is located inside the figure 4 southeast corner. North Bend would be the town positioned inside the figure four southwest quadrant. Nickerson would be the tiny town positioned north of Fremont in the figure 4 east center edge location. The Platte River flows in an east course close to the figure four south edge. The south-southeast oriented Elkhorn River is situated near the north half of your figure four east edge region. Maple Creek may be the east-oriented stream flowing across the figure 4 north half and joining the Elkhorn River just north of Nickerson. Rawhide Creek would be the east- and northeast oriented stream in the figure four west center area and flows southeast to Fremont in the figure four southeast quadrant. Note how Rawhide Creek in the figure 4 center location is flowing along the north edge of your significant east-oriented Platte River valley even though the Platte River channel is situated along the valleys south edge. Webster may be the little town within the figure four northwest corner and Silver Creek would be the stream flowing by way of Webster. North of figure 4 Silver Creek flows east-northeast southeast and north to reach the south-southeast oriented Elkhorn River see figure 5 beneath. The figure 4 evidence together with the exception of the Elkhorn River suggests the presence of various east-oriented channels which could have originated as components of an east-oriented anastomosing channel complicated. Apart from the Elkhorn River valley there exists no apparent figure 4 evidence suggesting a big south-southeast oriented flood flowed into the region. Rather there may be figure four evidence suggesting huge volumes of water once moved in an east course across the figure four map region to reach the south-southeast-oriented Elkhorn River valley. This evidence suggests the Elkhorn River valley either was present to begin with or was eroded headward to capture the east-oriented flood flow. The source of your east-oriented flood flow was west in the figure four map area possibly someplace upstream in the Platte River drainage basin which has its headwaters within the Wyoming and Colorado Rocky Mountains. This knol is not going to have the ability to determine where the east-oriented flood flow came from but does offer proof that huge volumes of east-oriented flood flow did move into eastern Nebraska.
Pebble Creek Creek-Silver Creek drainage divide location
Figure five- Pebble Creek Creek-Silver Creek drainage divide place.
Figure five illustrates the Pebble Creek-Silver Creek drainage divide north and slightly west in the figure four map region and incorporates overlap areas with figure 4. The south-southeast oriented Elkhorn River is situated in the figure five northeast corner. Crowell could be the small town located within the figure 5 northeast corner. The south-southeast oriented stream positioned along the figure five west edge place would be the East Branch of Maple Creek. Dont forget south in the figure five map area Maple Creek turns to flow east as noticed in figure four above. Note the location on the compact town of Webster on Silver Creek in the figure five southeast quadrant. Silver Creek originates as a southeast-oriented stream and east of Webster turns to flow northeast ahead of turning to flow southeast for the figure 5 east edge. East of figure 5 Silver Creek turns to flow in north-northwest direction back in to the figure five map region after which turns to flow to join southeast-oriented Pebble Creek just east from the figure 5 map place. Pebble Creek flows in southeast and east path from the figure 5 north edge east half towards the figure 5 east center edge. A southeast- and east-oriented Pebble Creek tributary flows by means of the towns of Dodge and Snyder in the figure five north half and joins Pebble Creek just east of Snyder. That unnamed Pebble Creek tributary has a considerable southeast- and northeast-oriented tributary that joins it just west of Snyder. South of Silver Creek in the figure five south center place is southeast-oriented Crystal Creek which south from the figure 5 map area flows to join east-oriented Maple Creek. Note how northeast-oriented Silver Creek segments and northeast-oriented Pebble Creek tributary segments all have southeast-oriented headwaters andor tributaries. As opposed to the figure 4 map area towards the south the figure five map place shows proof the northeast-oriented valleys eroded headward across numerous southeast or south-southeast oriented flood flow channels to capture south-southeast oriented flood flow and to divert flood waters to what must happen to be the newly eroded and deeper south-southeast-oriented Elkhorn River valley. In other words the figure five map region was eroded by southeast andor south-southeast oriented flood flow which moved across the entire figure 5 map place initially on a topographic surface at least as high as the highest figure 5 elevations right now. Headward erosion in the Silver Creek valley then captured the flood waters which had been moving for the east-oriented Maple Creek andor Platte River valleys. Following headward erosion of the Pebble valley technique beheaded flood flow towards the newly eroded Silver Creek valley. Figure six beneath delivers a detailed map of the west finish with the drainage divide amongst the northeast-oriented Pebble Creek tributary along with the Silver Creek valley.
Detailed map of Pebble Creek tributary-Silver Creek drainage divide region
Figure 6- Detailed map of Pebble Creek tributary-Silver Creek drainage divide area.
Figure six delivers a detailed map with the west end of the drainage divide in between a southeast- and northeast-oriented Pebble Creek tributary southwest of Snyder along with the southeast-oriented Silver Creek segment. Note the north-south Colfax-Dodge County line situated near the figure 6 west edge. Silver Creek flows in a southeast direction from the figure six west center area to the figure 6 south edge in section 16. The unnamed Pebble Creek tributary flows southeast in section 31 in the figure six northwest quadrant and then turns in the figure six north center place to flow northeast to the figure six north edge in section 34. Note how Silver Creek has various southeast-oriented tributaries and how the Pebble Creek tributary has numerous north-oriented tributary valleys. Also note the presence of shallow north-south through valleys eroded in to the drainage divide amongst the Pebble Creek drainage basin and also the Silver Creek drainage basin. For example within the section 8 northeast corner is really a by valley linking a north-oriented valley using a south-oriented Silver Creek tributary valley. The by means of valley is only 30-40 feet deep but does offer evidence that at one time water did flow south from the present day Pebble Creek drainage basin into what was in all probability a newly eroded south-oriented Silver Creek valley. Comply with the drainage divide west along the boundary between section five and section 8 and there are two much more slightly shallower as a result of valleys providing evidence of various south-oriented channels. Continue further west into sections six and 7 and youll find other shallow as a result of valleys linking the two drainage basins. In the figure 6 northeast quadrant in section three there is a as a result of valley linking the headwaters of a south-southeast oriented Silver Creek tributary using a north-oriented Pebble Creek tributary valley. Nevertheless another such by way of valley is positioned around the boundary involving sections 9 and 10. These various by way of valleys give proof that before headward erosion with the Pebble Creek tributary valley there have been various south-southeast oriented flood flow channels moving food waters across the figure six map area to what was in all probability then the actively eroding Silver Creek valley program. Headward erosion in the Pebble Creek tributary valley then beheaded the south-southeast oriented flood flow for the newly eroded Silver Creek valley. Flood waters on the north ends on the beheaded flood flow routes reversed flow path to erode the north-oriented valleys. Due to the fact headward erosion on the valleys beheaded flood flow channels 1 channel at a time and mainly because flood flow channels had been anastomosing interconnected reversed flood flow in a newly beheaded channel could capture but to become beheaded flood flow from channels additional to west. The capture of such but to be beheaded flood flow offered the water volumes essential to erode the north-oriented valleys.
Dry Creek-Platte River drainage divide area
Figure 7- Dry Creek-Platte River drainage divide region.
Figure 7 illustrates the Dry Creek-Platte River drainage divide region west of thefigure 4 map place and south and west from the figure five map location and contains overlap areas with figure 5. The north-south oriented Colfax-Dodge County line is located within the figure 7 east half. The east-northeast oriented Platte River may be observed along the east half in the figure 7 south edge. Schuyler would be the town located on the figure 7 south center edge. Rawhide Creek originates north of Schuyler and flows in an east-northeast direction along the north edge on the east-northeast oriented Platte River valley The east-southeast oriented stream flowing along the Platte River valley north edge west of Schuyler is Shell Creek. North of Schuyler Shell Creek turns to flow south-southeast to join the Platte River east of Schuyler. Figure 7 proof suggests that 1 time east-oriented flood flow in the Shell Creek channel continued east along the Rawhide Creek alignment. This evidence suggests the Shell Creek-Rawhide Creek channel and the Platte River channel were at a single time anastomosing channels in an east-oriented anastomosing channel complicated. North of the east-northeast oriented Rawhide Creek channel within the figure 7 east half is northeast-oriented Maple Creek. The south-southeast-oriented stream inside the figure 7 northeast quadrant may be the East Fork Maple Creek which joins northeast-oriented Maple Creek close to the Colfax County-Dodge County line. The south-southeast oriented stream flowing from the figure 7 north center edge could be the West Fork Maple Creek which turns to flow east and northeast to join the East Fork Maple Creek near the Colfax County-Dodge County line. The south-southeast and southeast oriented stream flowing from the figure 7 northwest quadrant is Dry Creek which turns to flow east to join the West Fork Maple Creek. The South Fork Dry Creek originates just north of Shell Creek within the figure 7 southwest quadrant and flows northeast and east to join Dry Creek. Note the as a result of valley linking the higher elevation northeast-oriented South Fork Dry Creek valley with the east-southeast oriented Shell Creekchannel. These east-oriented valleys really need to viewed as channels inside a huge scale east-oriented anastomosing channel complex. The south-southeast oriented valleys north of the east-oriented channels deliver proof of a south-southeast oriented anastomosing channel complicated that was feeding substantial volumes of south-southeast oriented flood water into what was quite possibly an even larger east-oriented flood. Figure eight under gives a more detailed map of South Fork Dry Creek-Shell Creek drainage divide location.
South Fork Dry Creek-Shell Creek drainage divide region
Figure eight- South Fork Dry Creek-Shell Creek drainage divide area.
Figure 8 gives a extra detailed map with the South Fork Dry Creek-Shell Creek drainage divide location observed in much less detail in figure 7 above. Shell Creek flows in an east-southeast path close to the figure 7 south edge west half. The South Fork Dry Creek originates west of figure eight and flows east into section 13 figure 8 west center region after which flows inside a northeast path to the figure 8 northeast quadrant and north edge. Note the southeast tributaries flowing to northeast-oriented South Fork Dry Creek from the northwest. Also note north- and northwest-oriented tributaries flowing to South Fork Dry Creek from the southeast. A number of of those north- and northwest-oriented South Fork Dry Creek tributary valleys are linked by through valleys using the east-southeast oriented Shell Creek valley for the south. For example a south-oriented Shell Creek tributary inside the northwest of section 19 is linked by a as a result of valley with a northeast-oriented South Fork Dry Creek tributary flowing diagonally across section 18. Stick to the drainage divide east from that by means of valley and there is certainly an added north-south by means of valley in eastern section 19 and a further through valley along the boundary in between sections 20 and 21. The complete South Fork Dry Creek drainage basin is at a greater elevation than the east-southeast oriented Shell Creek valley for the south. In other words the east-oriented Shell Creek valley that is at the north edge with the broad east-oriented Platte River valley has eroded headward into the region and has beheaded the northeast-oriented South Fork Dry Creek drainage basin. The southeast-oriented South Fork Dry Creek tributary valleys had been eroded by southeast andor south-southeast oriented flood water moving into what was at 1 time the newly eroded northeast-oriented South Fork Dry Creek valley. Headward erosion in the South Fork Dry Creek beheaded the southeast andor south-southeast oriented flood flow and flood waters around the north ends on the beheaded flood flow routes had reversed flow path to flow north and northwest into the newly eroded and what at that time was deeper northeast-oriented South Fork Dry Creek valley. While the South Fork Dry Creek valley program was being eroded east-oriented flood from west of figure 8 map eroded the considerably deeper and greater east-oriented Shell Creek and Platte River valley or channel which beheaded east-oriented flood flow to the northeast-oriented South Fork Dry Creek drainage basin.
Elkhorn River-Maple Creek drainage divide location
Figure 9- Elkhorn River-Maple Creek drainage divide place.
Figure 9 illustrates the Elkhorn River-Maple Creek drainage divide location north and slightly west on the figure 7 map location. Stanton is the town positioned within the figure 9 northwest corner. The Elkhorn River is flowing in a northeast course across the figure 9 northeast corner and north of figure 9 turns to flow southeast across the figure 9 northeast corner. From the figure 9 map place the Elkhorn River turns to flow south-southeast into the figure 5 map area. The north-northwest oriented Elkhorn River tributary south of Stanton is Butterfly Creek. South of Butterfly Creek are south-southeast oriented headwaters of West Fork Maple Creek. Additional east the north-northwest oriented tributary flowing to join the Elkhorn River at the figure 9 north edge is Cedar Creek. Continuing south-southeast on the Cedar Creek is south-southeast oriented East Fork Maple Creek. Note how Butterfly Creek and West Fork Maple Creek have precisely the same north-northwest to south-south-southeast alignment and how north-northwest Cedar Creek and south-southeast oriented East Fork Maple Creek are around the identical alignment. Figure ten beneath presents a in depth map of your Cedar Creek-East Fork Maple Creek drainage divide location and demonstrates the presence of a through valley linking the opposing valleys. Named east- and southeast-oriented streams flowing to the figure 9 east edge from north to south are Rock Creek North Branch Pebble Creek Pebble Creek and South Branch Pebble Creek. As seen in figure 5 Pebble Creek flows to the Elkhorn River. Figure 9 proof suggests the Elkhorn River valley and its tributary valleys eroded headward to capture south-southeast oriented flood flow. Headward erosion on the South Branch Pebble Creek valley captured the flood flow initially headward erosion from the Pebble Creek valley subsequent beheaded flood flow for the South Branch valley headward erosion in the North Branch valley next beheaded flood flow to the Pebble Creek valley and headward erosion of the Rock Creek valley beheaded flood flow for the North Branch valley. Headward erosion in the East and West Fork Maple Creek valleys occurred at approximately the same time together with the East Fork valley eroding headward slightly in advance in the West Fork valley. Headward erosion with the Elkhorn River valley north of your figure 9 map area and after that southwest in to the figure 9 map place up coming beheaded all flood flow towards the newly eroded Rock Creek valley and towards the actively eroding East and West Forks of Maple Creek. Flood waters on north ends in the beheaded flood flow routes reversed flow course to flow towards the newly eroded and deeper Elkhorn River valley. The reversed flood flow eroded the north-northwest oriented Cedar and Butterfly Creek valleys and developed the Elkhorn River-Maple Creek drainage divide.
In depth map of Cedar Creek-East Fork Maple Creek drainage divide place
Figure 10- In depth map of Cedar Creek-East Fork Maple Creek drainage divide location.
Figure ten provides a comprehensive map on the Cedar Creek-East Fork Maple Creek drainage divide area observed in less detail in figure 9. Cedar Creek originates in the figure ten west center region and flows east north and northeast to the figure ten north center edge. From the figure ten map location Cedar Creek flows in a north-northwest oriented course along the alignment in the north-northwest oriented tributary joining Cedar Creek at the figure ten north center edge. That tributary originates in the south of section 16. Cedar Creek as observed in figure 9 flows in north-northwest direction to join the northeast-oriented Elkhorn River valley as a barbed tributary. The East Fork Maple Creek originates within the figure 10 southwest quadrant and flows southeast into section 30 and after that northeast into sections 20 and 21. In section 21 the East Fork Maple Creek turns to flow southeast and after that south-southeast to the figure ten south edge. East Fork Maple Creek as seen in figures five and 7 continues to flow in a south-southeast path until it practically reaches the Platte River valley. Close to the Platte River valley it joins Dry Creek and West Fork Maple Creek to flow in an east direction roughly parallel to the deeper Platte River valley to join the south-southeast oriented Elkhorn River north of Fremont see figure four. The north-northwest oriented Cedar Creek valley north with the figure 10 map place and south-southeast oriented East Fork Maple Creek south from the figure ten map place are on the exact same alignment. Note on the south end of section 16 and north end of section 21 how the north-northwest Cedar Creek tributary valley is linked by a shallow by way of valley having a southeast-oriented East Fork Maple Creek tributary valley. Continue west along the Cedar Creek-East Fork Maple Creek drainage divide and you will discover additional shallow by means of valleys linking the two opposing drainage basins. The by way of valleys are evidence of many south-southeast oriented flood flow channels that once moved flood water from what is right now the north-oriented Cedar Creek drainage basin to what was at that time was the actively eroding East Fork Maple Creek valley. Headward erosion with the deep Elkhorn River valley then beheaded the south-southeast oriented flood flow channels. Flood waters around the north ends from the beheaded flood flow routes reversed flow course to erode the north-northwest oriented Cedar Creek valley and produce the Cedar Creek-East Fork Maple Creek drainage divide.
Added information and sources of maps studiedThis knol has offered only a sample of the detailed topographic map proof supporting the flood erosion interpretation. A lot of additional illustrations may be supplied. Readers are encouraged to examine mosaics of comprehensive topographic maps to find out the abundance of readily available data. Maps used in this research have been developed and published by the United states Geologic Survey and can be obtained straight from the United states of america Geological Survey andor from dealers providing United states of america Geological Survey maps. Difficult copy maps also can be observed at Usa Geological Survey map depositories that are positioned all through the Usa and elsewhere. Illustrations applied here had been created utilizing National Geographic Society TOPO software and digital map data. TOPO application and map information could be obtained from the National Geographic Society andor dealers providing National Geographic Society digital map information. Plaža omaha Yes it is possible to fee lifeinsurance companies.I will mention the various ways plus the method of rating as well as ranking that is used just for this article.
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